The church of St. Peter in Gallicantu is located on Mt. Zion, a hill in Jerusalem that lies just outside of the Old City
Between 1948 and 1967, when the Old City was under Jordanian occupation, Mount Zion was designated no-man’s land between Israel and Jordan and Jews had limited access to a few holy sites on Mount Zion.
The Church of Peter Gallicantu is one of the traditional locations for the house of Caiaphas (the Jewish High Priest who ordered Jesus’ crucifixion). Gallucantu means “cock crowing” and references the 3 denials of Peter (John 18) .